America after the Civil War

U.S. History before 1877

Women’s Rights Movement Splits

•    National Woman Suffrage Association, 1869

Founders: Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Opposed 15th Amendment unless women were included

Proposed amendment for woman’s right to vote

•    American Woman Suffrage Association, 1869

Founder: Lucy Stone

Supported 15th Amendment

Worked at state level for woman suffrage

Barriers to westward expansion

•    Buffalo herds and Indians

•    Lack of wood

•    Lack of transportation

•    Lack of rainfall

Opening the West to settlement

•    The sad, bloody business of Indian war

Migrants to Oregon and to California & Colorado goldfields

  Use and destroy resources Indians need

Ambitious politicians attack peaceful Indians

Many broken treaties

Indians fight back desperately but futilely

•    Crescendo of violence, 1860-1890

•    Rising market in buffalo hides

Hunters methodically wipe out the buffalo




The decade of cattle drives

•    Large herds of cattle in Texas after Civil War

•    Railheads push west

To Abilene, Kansas, 1867; then Wichita and Dodge City

•    Cattle driven up the plains

•    Shipped to Chicago packing plants





Technology brings the farmer

•    Barbed wire solves the wood problem, 1874

•    Windmills solve the water problem

•    Railroads solve the transportation problem

Farmers in distress

•    Homestead Act and railroad grants attract farmers

•    Greater acreage + mechanization = rising yields

•    The South expands cotton production

•    Result: drop in prices

•    Railroad rate schedules high for farmers

•    Farmers hurting: middlemen profiting

•    Southerners forced to be tenants, sharecroppers

Southern Sharecroppers


Farmers organize

•    Grange movement, est. 1867

Fraternal farmer organization

Social purposes, then political action

•    State “granger laws” regulating RRs, grain warehouses

One hundred years a nation: 1876